How to Fix USB Ports Not Working on Windows 11

Are USB ports not working on Windows 11?

USB ports or Universal Serial Bus is the standard port type through which most portable devices are connected to your PC. Users may connect USB drives or peripherals like a keyboard, mouse, desk fan, and much more. But what if they suddenly stop working?

When USB ports fail to detect the connected device, the problem could be in the device, the USB ports, or your computer’s internal components. Therefore, it’s important to identify where the issue truly lies in order to fix it.

The common reasons behind USB ports not working on Windows 11 include outdated or corrupted device drivers, insufficient power supply, faulty device cable, broken ports, misconfigured settings, etc. To resolve these, simply follow the troubleshooting methods discussed below.

So, let’s jump straight in!

1. Check USB Ports.

If you suspect that your USB port has stopped working, the first thing to do is inspect these ports. Oftentimes, dust and debris can be the main culprit behind this problem. 

Start by removing the USB device from the port. Inspect both the USB port and cable of your device. If there’s dust in the port, use compressed air or a cotton swab to clean it gently. If the device’s wire is bent or broken, consider replacing it. Afterward, connect the device back to the USB port and check if this solves the issue. 

USB Ports Not Working on Windows 11

If you’re sure there’s nothing wrong with the device you’re using, consider inserting it into a different USB port and see if that works. 

2. Replace the USB Device.

In case your USB port is working with one device and not with another, the problem may be in the device that you’re connecting to instead of the port. The only way to fix this is by replacing the USB device. 

USB Ports Not Working on Windows 11

However, this method should only be followed after confirming that the issue lies in the USB device. To do so, try connecting the USB device to another PC or a different port and check if it works. 

3. Restart Your Computer.

When the issue lies within your computer’s software, the easiest and most effective fix is to restart your PC. This common remedy for most Windows issues gives your operating system a fresh start, eliminating any temporary bugs and glitches which may cause the USB ports not to work.

Follow the steps below to restart your PC:

  1. Go to the Start menu from your PC. 
  2. Then, click on the Power icon
  3. Select Restart
restart Windows 11

Afterward, insert the device into the USB port to check if restarting solved the issue. 

4. Check for Windows Updates.

Windows occasionally release patch updates that can fix various problems that you may be facing, such as faulty USB ports. So, if the USB ports not working on Windows 11 is a widespread issue, Windows may have taken notice and released a new update for it. 

Therefore, check for any pending Windows updates by following the steps below: 

  1. Press the Win + i keys from your keyboard to access Settings
  2. From the left pane, click on Windows Update
  3. Now, select the Check for updates button.
Update Windows
  1.  Wait for a while as Windows fetches for any pending updates. If there’s an available update, click on Download now to install it to your system.

5. Reinstall USB Drivers.

Corrupted or damaged USB drivers can also be the reason behind USB ports not working on Windows 11. In such cases, reinstalling the faulty USB drivers can resolve the issue. 

Here’s how to do it:

  1. Go to the Start menu and click on the search bar at the top. 
  2. Type in ‘device manager’ in the search bar and click on the same from the search results. 
Device Manager Windows 11
  1. Scroll down and click on Universal Serial Bus controllers to expand it.
  2. Now, right-click on each driver and choose Uninstall device
unsinstall drivers on Windows 11
  1. Finally, reboot your computer to automatically reinstall these drivers.  

6. Use OEM Tools.

Although Windows Updates includes all the necessary updates, it may not cover all your hardware components. For this reason, it’s best to check the manufacturer’s website for USB driver or chipset driver updates and install them on your PC. 

You may also update using the OEM tools. Here’s what you must do:

  1. Go to the Start menu and enter the first letter of your PC’s manufacturer in the search bar. For instance, ‘D’ for Dell.
  2.  From the search results, click on Dell Update or your manufacturer’s update app. 
  3. Finally, check for any hardware updates and install them to your computer by following the on-screen instructions. 
update hardware

7. Change Power Management Settings.

Sometimes, the Power setting in your PC may be set to not allow a USB device to connect to save its battery. Since USB devices take up much of your battery, it’s important to ensure that your PC has enough power to detect the connected device and allow it to work. 

You may change the power management settings to fix this issue:

  1. Launch the Run dialog by pressing Win + R keys
  2. In the text field, type in ‘devmgmt.msc’ and click on OK to open Device Manager
USB Ports Not Working on Windows 11
  1. Now, scroll and find Universal Serial Bus controllers, then click on it to expand. 
  2. Right-click on USB Control Hub and choose Properties
USB Control Hub properties
  1. Navigate to the Power Management tab.
  2. Uncheck the box for Allow the computer to turn off this device to save power option. 
Power Management Windows 11
  1. Finally, select OK to save these changes. 

8. Disable USB Selective Suspend Power Setting.

USB selective suspend setting option is also another cause behind USB ports not working on Windows 11. If your laptop doesn’t have enough battery, enabling this option will interfere with the functionality of the USB device. This happens when Windows suspects that a device is not in use. 

To troubleshoot this problem, disable the USB selective suspend power through USB settings. Here’s how:

  1. Click on the Start menu and type in ‘edit power plan’ in the search bar. 
  2. Choose Edit power plan from the search result.
  3. Next, click on Change advanced power settings
USB Ports Not Working on Windows 11
  1. A Power Options window will appear. From there, locate and click on USB settings to expand it. 
  2. Finally, from the USB selective suspend setting, select Disabled and click on OK.
Disable USB Selective Suspend Power Setting

9. Perform SFC and DISM Scans.

If the methods mentioned above weren’t successful in troubleshooting your problem, consider running SFC and DISM scans. These built-in scans will detect and fix any corrupted files within your system. 

Follow the steps below to run these scans:

  1. Right-click on the Start menu and click on Windows Terminal (Admin)
  2. Copy and paste this DISM command:
DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth
  1. Now, enter the following command to run the SFC scan:
sfc /scannow
SFC Scan

This sums up our guide on how to fix USB ports not working on Windows 11. In case you have any confusion regarding this topic, utilize the comments section below. We’ll be happy to help. 

If this guide helped you, please share it. 😊


  • Aimen Choudhry

    Aimen Choudhry is an architecture student who has always been fascinated by science. She now finds her therapy researching and writing about the latest technology and the issues that come alongside. Otherwise, you’ll find her playing video games, listening to music, or watching fantasy/sci-fi movies.

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1 comment
  1. I think this might just have fixed my problem with my PCI USB card randomly failing with Code 43. Thank you!

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